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have a happier, more confident and better behaved dog. All of the
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Dog Group: Working
Of Origin: England,
to 10 years
is a quality very desirable in this breed. The height should be
rather from great depth of body than length of leg. A leggy Mastiff is
temper of a Mastiff should be taken into consideration by the breeder.
They usually have a combination of grandeur and good nature, courage
docility. In these dogs, as in all others, it is a question of how they
are treated by the person having charge of them. Any savage dog with
power as the Mastiff possesses is indeed a dangerous creature, and,
some inquiries as to the temper of a dog should be made before deciding
to use him. Many Mastiff puppies are very shy and nervous, but they
grow out of this if kindly handled, and eventually become the best
and protector it is possible to have.
short and easy to maintain. This dog tends to drool.
should be taken out for steady, gentle exercise, and not permitted to
too fat or they become too heavy, with detrimental results to their
Mastiff requires good exercise and much attention to keep him in good
without that this breed is apt to become indolent and heavy.
of the great difficulties that breeders of Mastiffs and all other large
dogs have to contend against is in rearing the puppies; so many bitches
being clumsy and apt to kill the whelps by lying on them.
be allowed all the liberty possible, and never be tied up.
Large, massive, powerful, symmetrical and well-knit frame. Massive,
deep, long, and powerfully built body with legs wide apart and squarely
set. Muscles sharply defined. Size is a great desideratum, if combined
with quality. Height and substance important if both points are
combined. Thirty inches may be taken as a fair average height for dogs,
and bitches somewhat less. The weight of a full-grown dog should be
over 160 lb. Many have turned over the scale at 180 lb.
outline, head is giving a square appearance when viewed from any point.
Breadth greatly to be desired, and should be in ratio to length of the
whole head and face as 2 to 3.
the ears, forehead flat, but wrinkled when attention is excited. Brows
(superciliary ridges) slightly raised. Muscles of the temples and
(temporal and masseter) well developed. Arch across the skull of a
flattened curve, with a depression up the centre of the forehead from
medium line between the eyes, to half way up the sagittal suture.
or Muzzle: Short,
broad under the eyes, and keeping nearly parallel in width to the end
the nose; truncated (i.e. blunt and cut off square), thus forming a
angle with the upper line of the face, of great depth from the point of
the nose to under jaw. Under jaw broad to the end; canine teeth
powerful, and wide apart; incisors level, or the lower projecting
the upper, but never sufficiently so as to become visible when the
is closed. Nose broad, with widely spreading nostrils when viewed from
the front; flat (not pointed or turned up)in profile. Lips diverging at
obtuse angles with the septum, and slightly pendulous so as to show a
profile. Length of muzzle to whole head and face as 1 to 3.
of muzzle (measured midway between the eyes and nose) to that of the
(measured before the ears) as 3 to 5.
to the touch, wide apart, set on at the highest points of the sides of
the skull, so as to continue the outline across the summit, and lying
and close to the cheeks when in repose.
apart, divided by at least the space of two eyes. The stop between the
eyes well marked, but not too abrupt. Colour hazel-brown, the darker
better, showing no haw.
moderately long, very muscular, and measuring in circumference about
or two inches less than the skull before the ears.
and well let down between the fore-legs.
well-rounded. False ribs deep and well set back to the hips.
one-third more than the height at the shoulder.
Slightly sloping, heavy and muscular.
Legs straight, strong, and set wide apart; bones very large. Elbows
Pasterns upright. Feet large and round. Toes well arched up. Nails
Loins And Flanks:
Back and loins wide and muscular; flat and very wide in a bitch,
arched in a dog. Great depth of flanks.
Legs And Feet:
Quarters broad, wide, and muscular, with well developed second thighs,
hocks bent, wide apart, and quite squarely set when standing or
Put on high
up, and reaching to the hocks, or a little below them, wide at its root
and tapering to the end, hanging straight in repose, but forming a
with the end pointing upwards, but not over the back, when the dog is
Short and close
lying, but not too fine over the shoulders, neck and back.
silver fawn, or dark fawn-brindle. In any case, muzzle, ears, and nose
should be black, with black round the orbits, and extending upwards
without doubt the
oldest of British dogs, cultivated in the British islands for so many
that the only difficulty concerning his history is that of tracing his
descent, and discovering the period when he was not familiarly known.It
is possible that the Mastiff owes his origin to some remote ancestor of
alien strain. The Assyrian kings possessed a large dog of decided
type, and used it in the hunting of lions. It is supposed by many
that the breed was introduced into early Britain by the adventurous
traders who, in the sixth century B.C., voyaged to the Scilly Islands
Cornwall to barter their own commodities in exchange for the useful
Knowing the requirements of their barbarian customers, these early
from Tyre and Sidon are believed to have brought some of the larger
which would be readily accepted by the Britons to improve, their
but undersized fighting dogs. In Anglo-Saxon times every two villeins
required to maintain one of these dogs for the purpose of reducing the
number of wolves and other wild animals. This would indicate that the
was recognised as a capable hunting dog, but at a later period his
instincts were not highly esteemed, and he was not regarded as a peril
to preserved game. In the reign of Henry III. the Forest Laws, which
the keeping of all other breeds by unprivileged persons, permitted the
Mastiff to come within the precincts of a forest, imposing, however,
condition that every such dog should have the claws of the fore-feet
close to the skin.
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